Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.
There are three basic categories of techniques in Judo: nage-waza (投げ技; "throwing techniques"), katame-waza (固技; "grappling techniques") and atemi-waza (当て身技; "striking techniques"). Judo is most known for nage-waza and katame-waza, as striking techniques are not allowed in Judo competition or free practice.
Nage-waza include all techniques with the aim of throwing or tripping the opponent, usually breaking his balance, then turning in and executing the throw, using the arms, the legs, or a lifting motion from the hips. This can be performed in standing position or "sacrificing" the upright position in order to perform the move.
Katame-waza include holding techniques, strangulation and chocking techniques, and joint manipulation techniques (in competitive Judo, this is currently limited to elbow joint manipulation).
- Judo has been one of the primary martial arts displayed in Mixed martial arts competitions since MMA’s inception, and one of the most prominent training bases for the grappling side of the competition. Many MMA fights are ended by submission holds most of which derive from Judo. For example, the first winner of the first Ultimate Fighting Championship was Royce Gracie, a small Brazilian fighter who used Judo submissions to defeat opponents twice his size.
- Judo at Wikipedia.